Observers watching total eclipse of the Moon in January saw an uncommon occasion, a short-lived blaze as a meteorite strike the surface of moon. Spanish astronauts now believe the space rock banged at 61,000 Kmph with the Moon, hollowing out a crater 10–15 meters across. Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia’s Dr Jose L. Ortiz Jose and Maria Madiedo, Prof at the University of Huelva, posted their outcomes in a new document in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Complete lunar eclipses happen when the Moon shifts fully into the Earth’s shadow. The Moon gets converted into a red color—the outcomes of scattered sunlight refracted via the atmosphere of the Earth—but is much darker as compared to normal. These stunning occasions are normally seen by the wider public and astronomers alike. The most latest lunar eclipse happened on January 21, 2019, with people in Western Europe and South & North America taking pleasure of the best view.
On a related note, a group of Japanese researchers spearheaded by Masahiro Kayama of Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences at Tohoku University has found a mineral dubbed as moganite in a lunar meteorite. This meteorite was found in northwest Africa in a hot desert.
This is important since moganite is a mineral that needs water for creation, reinforcing the faith that water is present on the Moon. “Moganite is a silicon dioxide crystal and is same as quartz. It is formed on Earth as a residue when alkaline water comprising SiO2 is evaporated below extreme pressure scenes,” claims Kayama. “The presence of moganite solidly states that there is activity of water on the Moon.”
Kayama and his group examined 13 lunar meteorites employing complicated techniques to decide chemical structures and compositions of their minerals. This comprised electron microscopy for high-magnification as well.